The Xoloitzcuintle is more
commonly known as the Mexican Hairless, or Xolo.
The Xolo is one of the worlds oldest and rarest breeds
dating back over 3,000 years.
by the indigenous Mexicans in special ceremonies as a
ritual to their beliefs and was regarded as a
representative of the god "Xolotl", from which its name
obviously originates. Its task was to guide the souls
of the dead to their eternal destination. Therefore the
dog became scarce, reaching a point of near extinction.
The Federación Canófila Mexicana (Mexican
Kennel Club) rescued this native breed and has used the
Xoloitzcuintle on its logo since 1940. The hairless
variety of the breed is also known by the name “perro
pelón mexicano" (Mexican Hairless Dog).
There are three sizes in the breed.
Standard, Intermediate and Miniature. Also the breed has
a coated variety.
The Xoloitzcuintle is a silent and
calm dog, cheerful, alert and intelligent, aloof
toward strangers, he is a good watchdog and an excellent
companion and is never aggressive.
There is a total absence of hair, the
skin should be soft and the body temperature is the same
as in other dogs with hair.
The skin requires
more care from exposure to the sun and elements due to
its lack of natural protection. The dog tends to sweat
through its feet/foot pads which is why it seldom pants,
except in extreme heat.